The title has underlined letters because they are important messages and ideas I received from the novel. Allow me a minute.
But while Kumalo enumerates grievances without suggesting realistic solutions, Dubula represents positive, pragmatic change—not to mention the possibility of cooperation between whites and blacks. On the surface, Dubula and John Kumalo seem bonded by their desire to end the tyranny of whites over blacks in South Africa.
The narrator notes that both men have rejected the Christian Church, which pays its white officials higher salaries than its black officials and offers only lip service to the idea that blacks deserve equal status.
This shared action shows that both men have a common interest in weakening institutions that reinforce the notion of black inferiority. As the story unfolds, however, Paton makes it clear that John Kumalo primarily relies on anger and grievances to mobilize his black followers.
Suspicious that tribal customs are a white tool for suppressing black independence, Kumalo flat-out rejects the entire set of customs, including the useful tribal traditions of monogamy and family bonding.
His disgusted brother notes that Kumalo has not selected new or different customs, but has instead replaced a set of flawed customs with the far more dangerous idea of no customs whatsoever. Kumalo complains that fear rules the land, but he does not offer a plan for alleviating this fear.
The ideas Kumalo advances amount to little more than harsh words and complaints, rather than constructive plans or even short-term suggestions for progress. By contrast, Dubula stands for hope, cooperation, and a pragmatic approach to social change. Whereas Kumalo can only stew over the poor housing opportunities afforded to black citizens, Dubula initiates a Shanty Town, in which formerly crowded tenants can spread out and await the chimney pipes and iron that Dubula courageously provides.
Whereas Kumalo merely rants about the economic plight of black citizens, Dubula proposes and carries out a bus boycott to lower the fares for black passengers—a boycott that has the added effect of changing white citizens from the unified, faceless enemy that Kumalo describes into allies in the struggle for racial justice, as many whites offer car rides to blacks during the boycott, risking courtroom trials of their own.
By moving past the superficial similarities between Kumalo and Dubula, Paton implies that a spirit of pragmatism and productivity is far more effective than stirring up rage and making speeches. At first, Dubula and Kumalo seem to be one and the same in their desire for racial equality, reinforcing the notion that civil rights movements tend to involve large, unified fronts.
But Kumalo quickly distinguishes himself from Dubula in his unwillingness to put aside grievances and work for tangible change. Dubula, on the other hand, emerges as a hero, energetic and optimistic enough to drive blacks out of their cramped housing and into a makeshift Shanty Town.Alan Paton “Cry the Beloved Country” Essay Sample Alan Paton, the author of Cry the beloved Country, uses various literary techniques, characters, and a number of symbolic events to represent the state of South Africa in the ’s.
Cry, the Beloved Country, by Alan Paton Essay examples Words 4 Pages Cry, the Beloved Country, by Alan Paton, is the timeless novel about South Africa in the ’s. A Comparison of Country and City Life in Alan Paton's Cry the Beloved Country Words | 3 Pages The country and the city life depicted in Alan Paton's novel Cry, The Beloved Country portray two different aspects of life in South Africa in the later half of the 's.
Essay Cry, The Beloved Country By Alan Paton “Cry, the Beloved Country” by Alan Paton is a novel about priest Stephen Kumalo, and his discoveries concerning corruption, faith, friendship, change, and tradition in the dynamic settings of Ndotsheni and Johannesburg, cities in South Africa.
Alan Paton is the clever author of Cry, The Beloved Country, a historical fiction book that displays the violences of injustice, discrimation, and imperialism that begins its story in the lonesome island of Ndotsheni where Kumalo lives.
- Cry, the Beloved Country: Post-Colonial Literary Theory Bibliography w/4 sources Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton is a perfect example of post-colonial literature. South Africa is a colonized country, which is, in many ways, still living under oppression.