While there are many theories about the Chavin, little concrete is known. For most the Chavin culture laid the cultural foundation for all later Peruvian civilizations. Starting presumably as a cultural-religious movement with a priest highest in the hierarchy, it soon developed into an organized civilization which spread outward throughout the Peruvian coast and part of the Andes Mountains.
Main economic activities were based on hunting, fishing and agriculture. The Chavin domesticated animals and plants. They created methods of irrigation and used these to farm areas around rivers and lagoons.
The Chavin culture represents the first widespread, recognizable artistic style in Peru. Chavin art is very distinctive with unique metalwork, here especially the exceptional gold pieces, often misunderstood and strange pottery as well as amazing textiles and religious objects.
Until their decline at the beginning of the Christian era the Chavin built or left their characteristic traces on numerous imposing structures.
The most well-known religious center of the Chavin quite surely is the archaeological complex of Chavin de Huantar, located in the Andean highlands about km north of Lima. But also in the Lima area the Chavin culture seemed to have played a major role.
While some experts consider the ceremonial center of Garagay a typical Chavin structure, others make clear that Garagay was constructed over generations by other civilizations a few hundred years before the Chavin even emerged.
Either way the Chavin left unmistakably their unique traces on this huge complex and other huacas at the central Peruvian coast. Despite the importance of the Huaca Garagay, it was neglected, squatted, plundered, damaged on purpose and partly even built on.
Just in recent years the awareness for this valuable construction grew among the authorities and a few citizens. The Ministry of Culture offers on demand guided tours through the complex A great way to admire the unique architecture and urban planning of early civilizations in the Lima area.The Moche culture preserved some elements of Chavin culture, especially its style of pottery.
False; NAZCA The Nazca people were great builders of pyramids and palaces and were the first in Mesoamerica to work with metal. Start studying Chapter 6 AP World History.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. It is significant because it brought over the first people to America. They are the native people that the British run into when they discover the new world.
The Chavin Cult. The first pottery pieces found in Peru were made somewhere between and b.p. The pieces were found in the central Andean region where a religious cult lived.
This cult was called Chavín, after the best known ceremonial center, Chavín de Huántar. Important aspects of Chavin ritual activity and practice have been discovered to be processions, offerings of different materials (exotic and valuable), and the use of water.
One of these offerings can be connected to the smashed pieces of obsidian found along with fragments of mirror. Start studying Chapter 6 AP World History. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. It is significant because it brought over the first people to America. They are the native people that the British run into when they discover the new world. The Chavin Cult.
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The pieces were found in the central Andean region where a religious cult lived. This cult was called Chavín, after the best known ceremonial center, Chavín de Huántar.
The religious center was the home to massive temples that were highly embellished with low relief sculptures of gods, animals, and symbols.