Most of those terms should be unfamiliar to you. Rhetorical Occasion Why are you writing? But as artificial as a college essay feels, teachers try to make the essay writing experience real by imagining real-life situations where you may be called on to write. They ask you to write in that spirit.
Jamie Andrews 1 Topoi, Enthymeme, and Stasis: Finding a Proper Relationship between the Modes of Classical Invention Rhetorical Invention—inventio as it was known to the Roman practitioners and teachers of rhetoric in the first century BCE—emerged as one of the five canons along with disposition, elocution, memory, and pronunciation of the discipline and profession.
But it has come to us as something of a puzzle. The fact that Roman rhetorical theory came to us crystallized into its five canons—with little evidence of its legislative history—underscores the nature of the problem that scholars and commentators have had with inventio as theory and practice, as James J.
Murphy hints For Cicero, inventio is the process of discovering the arguments and evidence for a persuasive case and often suggests new ways of understanding facts and new relationships between facts. With this end in mind, it could be argued, though at some peril, that Andreyo, James.
At the very least, it is the primary mode, both in place and degree, of rhetoric.
Since rhetoric is an art to be used to discover, as Aristotle suggests, then invention should be given primacy in all rhetorical endeavors, as Cicero suggests.
Therefore, to apprehend the complex nature of rhetoric, a rhetorical investigation should rightfully begin with invention. The nature of classical rhetorical invention has generally been defined in terms of two dominant notions: That is not to say that definitions and developments of topoi and stasis, respectively, are exclusive to one or the other.
Nor is this to suggest that only Aristotle and Cicero have offered the only definitive—even pertinent—statements on the subjects. Therefore, notwithstanding contributions of Plato and others, the focus of this discussion will be on Aristotle and Cicero.
The question might be sufficiently answered in terms of cultural context—Greek and Roman, respectively. But the aim here is to expose some deeper theoretical explanations, albeit explanations, which may ultimately be related to the influence and effects of culture but working on a different plane than culture.
To hit its mark, this discussion will present the respective structures of topoi and stasis as well as consider some scholastic observations. What we hope to illustrate, to discover as it were, is the proper relationship between the two modes of invention.
Such views have generated what Aristotle must have considered to be commonly known—a definition. Ross regards topoi as places or regions haunted by arguments. But before anything more is said about the nature of topoi, a cursory overview of Aristotelian topoi as discussed in the Rhetoric is in order.
Artistic invention, in turn, consists of three kinds of appeals: At the highest level, he distinguishes between material topoi and formal topoi.
That is, universal premises or maxims from which an audience can draw a popular conclusion.
Moreover, they provide premises for enthymemes.Classical Invention Strategies. Stasis Theory. Go to Prewriting Questions (Purdue University), scroll down to "Stasis Questions," and answer the questions of .
The classical Canons of Rhetoric specify the components of the communication act: inventing and arranging ideas, choosing and delivering clusters of words, and maintaining in memory a storehouse of ideas and repertoire of behaviors This breakdown is not as facile as it looks.
The Canons have stood the test of time. They represent a legitimate taxonomy of processes. In classical rhetoric, stasis is the process of, first, identifying the central issues in a dispute, and next finding arguments by which to address those issues effectively. Plural: staseis. Also called stasis theory or the stasis system.
. Stasis theory helps the rhetorician prepare to make arguments before a judge or jury about matters of justice. It is a system of strategies for invention in forensic argumentation.
It is a system of strategies for invention in forensic argumentation. Mar 03, · In this video, we will review the concept of invention. We will also learn about the specific invention strategy of stasis theory.
Stasis names a procedure within rhetorical invention by which one would ask certain questions in order to arrive at the point at issue in the debate, the "stasis." Four such basic kinds of conflict were categorized by the Greeks and Romans: conjectural, definitional, qualitative, and translative.