To inform my audience of the definition of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and what causes it, the symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and the treatments for Obsessive -Compulsive Disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is a mental health condition characterized by distressing, intrusive, obsessive thoughts and repetitive, compulsive physical or mental acts.
It is a distinct condition but falls within the category of "obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. The American Psychiatric Association APA state that females are affected at a slightly higher rate than men, and that OCD affects people of all races and socioeconomic backgrounds. Some people with OCD successfully hide their symptoms in fear of embarrassment or stigma.
Treatment options include therapy and medication. Perfectionism and concern about evenness or exactness are obsessions apparent in OCD. OCD is a mental health condition that centers around a debilitating obsession or compulsion, distressing actions, and repetitive thoughts.
A World Health Organization WHO mental health report estimated that OCD was among the top 20 causes of illness-related disability worldwide for people aged 15 to 44 years.
The report also suggested that OCD was the fourth most common mental illness after phobiassubstance abuse, and major depression.
OCD is associated with a wide range of functional impairments and has a significant impact on social and working life. Types There are several types of OCD that present in different ways.
This is a need to repeatedly check something for harm, leaks, damage, or fire. Checking can include repeatedly monitoring taps, alarms, car doors, house lights, or other appliances. It can also apply to "checking people. This checking can occur hundreds of times and often for hours, regardless of any commitments the individual may have.
Checking can also involve repeatedly confirming the authenticity of memories. A person with OCD might repeatedly validate letters and e-mails for fear of having made mistakes.
There may be a fear of having unintentionally offended the recipient. Contamination or mental contamination: This occurs when a person with OCD feels a constant and overbearing need to wash and obsesses that objects they touch are contaminated. The fear is that the individual or the object may become contaminated or ill unless repeated cleaning takes place.
It can lead excessive toothbrushing, overcleaning certain rooms in the house, such as the bathroom or kitchen, and avoiding large crowds for fear of contracting germs.
Mental contamination is the feeling of being 'dirty' after being mistreated or put down. In this type of contamination, it is always another person that is responsible.
A person with OCD will try to 'scrub away' this feeling by showering and washing excessively. This is the inability to throw away used or useless possessions. Ruminating involves an extended and unfocused obsessive train of thought that focuses on wide-ranging, broad, and often philosophical topics, such as what happens after death or the beginning of the universe.
The person may seem detached and deep in thought. However, the ruminating never reaches a satisfactory conclusion. These are often violent, horrific, obsessional thoughts that often involve hurting a loved one violently or sexually.
They are not produced out of choice and can cause the person with OCD severe distress. Because of this distress, they are unlikely to follow through on these thoughts. These thoughts can include obsessions about relationships, killing others or suicide, a fear of being a pedophile, or being obsessed with superstitions.
A person with OCD may also obsess about objects being lined up to avoid discomfort or harm. They may adjust the books on their shelf repeatedly so that they are all straight and perfectly lined up, for example.
While these are not the only types of OCD, obsessions and compulsions will generally fall into these categories. Symptoms OCD is separated from other mental health conditions by the presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both. The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time-consuming, and interfere with a person's normal function.
Indications of OCD can occur in children and teenagers, with the disease usually beginning gradually and worsening with age. Symptoms of OCD can be mild or severe.INTRODUCTION Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder commonly referred to as OCD, is defined according to the Obsessive Compulsive Foundation (), as the neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unwelcome thoughts known as obsessions and repetitive behaviors known as compulsions that its sufferers feel the need to perform.4/4(1).
According to the book “Freedom from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder” contamination is the most common form of OCD. •Excessive concern with order, arrangement, or symmetry. •Feeling responsible for the safety of others.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD is a complicated neurobiological condition affecting many people, some of whom hide their symptoms for fear of embarrassment. This article looks at the various.
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