The main port was named Puerto Rico Rich Port eventually the island was renamed Puerto Rico and the port which was to evolve into the capital of the island was renamed San Juan.
Acknowledgments T he Editors would like to thank the following individuals for their efforts and dedication to the publication of this book. This book has taken over 2 years to come to fruition.
Each person made an enormous contribution in meeting strict deadlines, making ongoing and demanding revisions, entrusting us to make this project happen, and supporting the project financially and administratively. His presence and encouragement for students, staff, and faculty create a positive and productive working atmosphere that fuels projects such as this book.
Central to this book, of course, has been its incredible and resilient group of authors. It is both wonderful and hard to work so closely with in-house writers, and the General College provides a functional and exceptional space for doing this kind of work efficiently and in a synergistic way.
To all the authors, thanks and congratulations! We also thank Judy Gilats, who designed and typeset the book. Finally, the Editors thank their friends and family and all of the General College as a community for offering support, humor, sincerity, and a constant source of inspiration during challenging and upbeat times in the field of developmental education.
When we become more exclusionary, especially in an era where more students are not being prepared for the rigors of higher education, it is kind of self-defeating.
The researchers are interviewing educators and students across the country to gather perspectives on how academic excellence is compatible with providing access to students who have traditionally been denied access to a postsecondary education. The supposed incompatibility between access and excellence has been debated for years across higher education, and the argument seems to gain strength during times of slashed budgets when institutions look for ways to cut services to students.
In addition, many states are limiting developmental instruction to 2-year and technical colleges. Since the mids, 30 states have proposed policies to limit this type of instructional support to these institutions. This concept, in effect, narrows the point of access to higher education and sets up rather exclusionary standards.
These trends are occurring when college enrollments are burgeoning. Between andthey grew from 4. Enrollment across colleges and universities is expected to grow, and by 1 to 2 million additional young adults, many of whom will come from low income and minority families, will seek access to higher education National Panel Report of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, A college education is no longer an option; indeed, it is becoming a requirement if one wants career choices.
There are very few unskilled jobs left in this country. Access to higher education is a social imperative that we must take seriously. It is clear that the General College of the University of Minnesota has historically taken this mission with earnestness and centrality. It is also clear that the General College continues to serve as a national model for how access and excellence are not only compatible but provide a distinct and positive energy for the entire learning community in which they exist.
No one can express this synergy more effectively than a student who has experienced it. The following words come directly from a General College student who is quoted in one of the chapters contained in this excellent historical document. As I continue to gain momentum in my pursuit of my degree, I wished to discredit the presumption that I have less academic potential than my peers in other colleges.
Every success that I have had has been a direct reflection of. As a General College student, I seek to follow in the precedent set by the successful General College alumni that have traveled before us. One of which has won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Each student within the General College student body has it in them to succeed. A new vision for learning as a nation goes to college.
Retrieved May 11,at http: Access, opportunity, and success: Keeping the promise of higher education. The attraction of the General College experience is that it is a multidisciplinary program that embeds academic skills development into courses.
This innovative concept has been presented at conferences and professional meetings and is nationally acclaimed. The General College is the product of 73 years of exploration, experimentation, and refinement.
It grew out of a curricular expression initially described as a general education experience; that is to say, introductory courses in the sciences, social sciences, and the humanities, designed to make the liberal arts curriculum of that day more accessible to the average first-year student.
This approach, coupled with the use of academic advisors, another innovation stemming from the s and s, provided a more holistic approach to the then-burgeoning field of academic instruction and student services.
Today, the General College mission statement reads as follows: The mission of the General College of the University of Minnesota is to develop, through teaching, research, and service, the potential for baccalaureate education in students who are serious about fulfilling their previous undeveloped or unrecognized academic promise.mending about activities added american association astronomy books century champaign claim claims college comments community contact countee covered creating credit cullen department depression diverse dynamic education eighteenth english equiano essay explication first great harlemrenaissancepoets himself holocaust hospitals identity illinois image.
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The Anglo-Spanish War was not limited to Europe—extending to Spanish and English territories in the Americas. On November 22, , Sir Francis Drake, the vice-admiral in command of the Royal Navy that overcame the Spanish Armada, and Sir John Hawkins attempted an invasion of .
The Great Depression & the New Deal How is the mood of Americans during the Great Depression displayed in these photos? Unemployed seeking work Family on the Plains By Dorthea Lange. Section V: The Great Depression After the United States Stock Market crashed in , a confluence of worldwide economic crises caused the Great Depression, the deepest and most prolonged economic downturn in modern history.
Chapter Twenty-Four: The New Deal Harry Sternberg, "Chicago: Epoch of a Great City,” WPA Mural, , located in the Lakeview Post Office, Chicago, Illinois.