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Site Preparation The building site shall be leveled according to the plans and cleared of rubbish, roots and other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable sub-grade.
All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and spread uniformly over the areas adjacent the proposed building, or otherwise disposed off as may be directed by the Architect or the Engineer in charge of the construction.
The contractor shall make the necessary temporary facilities such as the bodega and comfort room. This section also includes temporary connections of electrical and plumbing utilities.
Existing walls will not be demolished, instead will be used and reinforced as wall partition at Ground Level. Excavation All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings, where the building site is covered with any kind of fill, the excavation for footings should be made deeper until the stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil reached.
Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process, it shall be removed by bailing or pumping, care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not disturbed or removed. Backfilling After concrete for foundations reached the curing period to withstand pressure resulting from fills, the materials removed from excavations shall be used for backfills around them.
Backfills shall be placed in layers not exceeding mm in thickness, and each layer shall be thoroughly compacted wetting, tamping and rolling. Concrete Works All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of the cement and aggregates, and should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position, care being taken to avoid segregation of the aggregates.
Water to be used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil, acids, alkalis, salts, and other organic materials. All reinforced concrete columns, beams, and slabs shall be according to design as shown on plan.
Proportioning of Concrete All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard specifications for plain and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government.
The following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the building: Columns and Footings — Class A 1: Concrete Beams and Slabs — Class A 1: The course aggregate for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable and strong qualities or clean and hard gravel.
Forms and Scaffoldings All forms for concrete shall be properly braced or connected together so as to maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members. Forms shall be constructed sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water.
Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to support its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it. Scaffoldings must be properly braced to prevent accidents. Scaffolding materials may be lumber or steel. Concrete Slab Floors on Fill Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed not less than mm thick.
Each concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one meter wide, and each course shall be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish.
Steel Reinforcing Bars All steel reinforcing bars to be used in the construction shall consist of round deformed bars with lugs, projection on their sides to provide a greater bond between the concrete and the steel.
Sizes range is 10mm dia. All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against displacement by tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge 16 galvanized iron wire.
The steel reinforcing bars indicated for footings, columns, slabs, beams, girders and other concrete members shall all conform to the number, size and spacing as indicated in the drawings or schedule of steel reinforcements.Sep 28, · If you're planning to write a comic book, create a timeline showing what the reader will learn at each point in the story.
Next, make timelines for each character so you can keep track of their development%(48). Test your knowledge with amazing and interesting facts, trivia, quizzes, and brain teaser games on regardbouddhiste.com The world's most popular and easy to use comic and storyboard creator.
See how people are using Tour Builder. From a nonprofit documenting its global missions, to a teacher transforming American history - check out the inspiring stories that people are creating using Tour Builder. The Winter Soldier was the first part of a trilogy by Ed Brubaker.
At the heart of the story is Russian businessman Alexander Lukin, the Red Skull, Captain America, . Superheroes are generally a static bunch. A character gets introduced, a little bit of tweaking might occur in early stories, and once it’s a hit, it gets frozen in amber.