Begin the first page as follows: Name of person who assigned the research project FROM: Date memo is turned in RE: Name of client, and a short description of the subject matter of the memorandum Put the title of each subsequent section of your memo at the beginning of that section, in all caps, and centered.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period.
Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks.
The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach.
In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc.
A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.
Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.
Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.
For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode.
However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers.
The location of an online work should include a URL. A physical object that you experienced firsthand should identify the place of location. Optional elements The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible.The Hidden Architecture of our Time: Why This Internet Worked How We Could Lose It and the Role Hackers Play.
What we call the Internet, was not our first attempt at making a global data network that spanned the globe. While tech giants tend to hog the limelight on the cutting-edge of technology, AI in banking and other financial sectors is showing signs of interest and adoption – even among the stodgy banking incumbents.
Employment Protection, Investment in Job-Specific Skills, and Inequality Trends in the United States and Europe. With Ruben Gaetani. Abstract: Since the s, the United States has experienced a sharp rise in the college wage premium.
In contrast, in a number of European economies such as Germany and Italy the return to education stayed roughly the same.
Sample Memo. TO: Gaby Duane FROM: Clark Thomas RE: Loman's Fashions - Breach of contract claim (advertising circular) DATE: April 26, QUESTION PRESENTED 1 Under New York law, 2 did 3 Loman's Fashions' description of a designer leather coat in an advertising circular constitute an offer 4 to sell the coat which became a binding contract when the text of the advertisement indicated that the.
Appendix A: How to Write an Effective Research Statement ***See Related Resources for additional guidance on writing an effective research statement, preparing literature searches and reviews, and developing a research proposal.***. Writing an effective research statement is not a simple matter, even to transportation practitioners who face serious problems and challenges on a daily basis.
Legal Research, Analysis, and Writing / Edition 3 Be the "go to" paralegal at your firm with the fourth edition of LEGAL RESEARCH, ANALYSIS, AND WRITING! This book shows you how to conduct reliable legal research, analyze the results, and write clear memoranda and other legal documents that are on-point and well supported/5(1).