In The Odyssey, Homer employs most of the literary and poetic devices associated with epics: Homer composed The Odyssey in a meter known as dactylic hexameter, which gives the epic its elevated style. Each line has six metrical feet.
It is widely recognized as one of the great stories of all time, and has been a strong influence on later European, especially Renaissance, literature.
The poem focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulyssesas he was known in Roman myths and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy.
His adventure-filled ten year journey took him through the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and as far away as Egypt and North Africa and the western Mediteranean, as the displeased sea-god Poseidon prevented him from reaching his home. They receive him sumptuously and recount the ending of the Trojan War, including the story of the wooden horse.
Menelaus tells Telemachus that he has heard that Odysseus is being held captive by the nymph Calypso. The scene then changes to Calypso's island, where Odysseus has spent seven years in captivity. He is found by the young Nausicaa and her handmaidens and is made welcome by King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians, and begins to tell the amazing story of his return from Troy.
Despite the help of Aeolus, King of the Winds, Odysseus and his crew were blown off course again just as home was almost in sight. They narrowly escaped from the cannibal Laestrygones, only to encounter the witch-goddess Circe soon after.
Odysseus made a sacrifice to the dead and summoned the spirit of the old prophet Tiresias to advise him, as well as the spirits of several other famous men and women and that of his own mother, who had died of grief at his long absence and who gave him disturbing news of the situation in his own household.
Advised once more by Circe on the remaining stages of their journey, they skirted the land of the Sirens, passed between the many-headed monster Scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis, and, blithely ignoring the warnings of Tiresias and Circehunted down the sacred cattle of the sun god Helios.
For this sacrilege, they were punished by a shipwreck in which all but Odysseus himself drowned. By this point, Homer has brought us up to date, and the remainder of the story is told straightforwardly in chronological order. Having listened with rapt attention to his story, the Phaeacians agree to help Odysseus get home, and they finally deliver him one night to a hidden harbour on his home island of Ithaca.
Disguised as a wandering beggar and telling a fictitious tale of himself, Odysseus learns from a local swineherd how things stand in his household.
With more help from Athena, an archery competition is arranged by Penelope for the suitors, which the disguised Odysseus easily wins, and he then promptly slaughters all the other suitors.
Only now does Odysseus reveal and prove his true identity to his wife and to his old father, Laertes. Despite the fact that Odysseus has effectively killed two generations of the men of Ithaca the shipwrecked sailors and the executed suitorsAthena intervenes one last time and finally Ithaca is at peace once more.
It is written in Homeric Greek an archaic version of Ionic Greek, with admixtures from certain other dialects such as Aeolic Greekand comprises 12, lines of dactylic hexameter verse, usually divided up into 24 books.
The epithets, as well as repeated background stories and longer epic similes, are common techniques in the oral tradition, designed to make the job of the singer-poet a little easier, as well as to remind the audience of important background information.
It employs the seemingly modern idea later imitated by many other authors of literary epics of starting the plot at what is chronologically towards the end of the overall story, and describing prior events through flashbacks or storytelling.
This is appropriate, however, as Homer was elaborating on a story which would have been very familiar to his listeners, and there was little likelihood of his audience being confused, despite the numerous sub-plots. The character of Odysseus embodies many of the ideals the ancient Greeks aspired to: His intelligence is a mix of keen observation, instinct and street smarts, and he is a fast, inventive liar, but also extremely cautious.
However, he is also portrayed as very human - he makes mistakes, gets into tricky situations, loses his temper and is often moved to tears - and we see him in many roles as a husband, father and son, but also as an athlete, army captain, sailor, carpenter, storyteller, ragged beggar, lover, etc."The Odyssey" Elements of an Epic SUPERNATURAL INVOLVEMENT MULTIPLE SETTINGS Epic Similes, Metaphors, and Epiphets The gods play a major role in this epic.
Athena is the maven of makeovers. Her most memorable illusions in The Odyssey are disguises for herself or Odysseus. At the beginning of the epic, she appears to Telemachus as Mentes, king of the Taphians, an old friend of his father who has just stopped to visit in Ithaca. The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
The Odyssey is Homer's epic of Odysseus' year struggle to return home after the Trojan War. While Odysseus battles mystical creatures and faces the wrath of the gods, his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus stave off suitors vying for Penelope's hand and .
“The Odyssey” (Gr: “Odysseia”) is the second of the two epic poems attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer (the first being “The Iliad”), and usually considered the second extant work of Western literature. In The Odyssey, Homer employs most of the literary and poetic devices associated with epics: catalogs, digressions, long speeches, journeys or quests, various trials or tests of the hero, similes, metaphors, and divine intervention.
Homer composed The Odyssey in a meter known as dactylic hexameter, which gives the epic its elevated style. Each line has six metrical feet.