Land is the basic resource upon which our communities are built, and it is unique in that it is both scarce and fixed in location. Land uses affect the environment, interact with one another, and depend on transportation and infrastructure in order to function. Land use planning relates to the physical environment where we live and work. Transportation connects us to all of our activities, and it connects communities.
Temple University--Theses Although governments have implemented several reforms to better integrate or coordinate regional transportation and land use decisions, little is known about the effects of new institutional designs on planning and development outcomes.
This study compares the effects of two different types of institutional reforms on the planning process, transportation investments and land use decisions, while assessing their characteristics in terms of accountability, democracy, and effectiveness.
Using semi-structured interviews, planning documents, as well as transportation spending and land use decisions, this longitudinal, comparative case study assesses the effects of the centralized, regulatory framework implemented in Toronto into the collaborative governance framework adopted in Chicago in Although each institutional design features different sets of constraints and opportunities, both reforms improved the planning process by establishing a renewed commitment to the exercise of regional planning.
However, their impact on transportation investments was limited because the allocation of transportation funds is still primarily controlled by the province and the state governments who continue to control the purse strings and allocate money to advance their own political agendas.
Both cases also show how difficult it is to increase densities and curb urban sprawl because local land uses, zoning and development approvals remain the prerogative of local governments and a function of locational preferences of individuals and corporations, which are contingent upon the market and shaped by global economic forces.
Besides stronger regional institutions, the evidence presented in this study calls for new political strategies that address the fiscalization of land use and that offer financial incentives for the adoption of smart growth policies. Reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.
Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.Highlights and Launches. A primary feature of the Transportation plan was a joint regional planning initiative called FOCUS – which offered cities and counties incentives to promote future growth near transit in existing urbanized areas.
Transportation is essential to the function of cities and the well-being of their residents. Transportation systems make the exchange of goods and services possible, and they help shape the form of the built urban environment.
A Regional Transportation Planning Organization (RTPO) is formed through a voluntary association of local governments within a county or contiguous counties. RTPO members include cities, counties, WSDOT, tribes, ports, transportation service providers, private employers and others.
Ph.D. Temple University--Theses.
Although governments have implemented several reforms to better integrate or coordinate regional transportation and land use decisions, little is known about the effects of new institutional designs on planning and development outcomes.
The Twin Cities regional transportation planning process is defined in the Memorandum of Understanding between MnDOT and the Metropolitan Council. Administered and coordinated by the Metropolitan Council, this process is a continuing, comprehensiveand cooperative effort.
Tag: transportation planning NPR Science Desk features research by Dr. John Renne A study released by SURP’s Center for Urban and Environmental Solutions (CUES) found that the vast majority of counties in the Florida Panhandle were less prepared for .